STM Publishing Group Limited

   STM Publishing Group Limited



Conditions for Submission

The author:

1 Assures that the manuscript is an original work that has not been previously published

2 Assures that the manuscript has not been previously submitted to any other publication

3 Accepts full responsibility for the accuracy of all content, including findings, citations, quotations, and references contained within the manuscript

4 Releases and assigns all rights for the publication of the manuscript to Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

5 Discloses on the title page any conflicts of interest related to the research or the manuscript

6 Discloses on the title page any previous presentation of the research, manuscript, or abstract;

7 Assures that authorship has been granted only to those individuals who have contributed substantially to the research or manuscript

8 Discloses in the methods section of the manuscript that any investigation involving human subjects or the use of patient data for research purposes was approved by the committee on research ethics at the institution in which the research was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of the World Medical Association ( and that any informed consent from human subjects was obtained as required

9 Attaches documents showing all relevant permissions to publish quotations, text, tables, or illustrations from copyrighted sources

10 Discloses in the manuscript references and/or table/figure footnotes the full citation and permission of the copyright owner as required.

Visit: for more copyright information.

Categories of Manuscripts

1. Research Article: Original scientific investigations that advance the field of physiatric medicine. These papers include: 1) randomized controlled trials, 2) cohort studies, 3) case-control studies, 4) cross-sectional studies, 5) meta-analyses.

ØLIMITS: 4,000 words; 4 Tables; 4 Figures, Maximum 30 References. Please note that if you are unable to adhere to our reference list limit, your article may be published online-only

2. Education & Administration Article: Short papers or surveys addressing issues concerning education, student training, and administration in the field of physical medicine & rehabilitation.

ØLIMITS: 3,000 words; 3 Tables; 3 Figures

3. Brief Report: Short papers reporting on research techniques, statistical techniques, and clinical aspects of physical medicine & rehabilitation.

LIMITS: 2,000 words; 2 Tables; 2 Figures

4. **Case Report: Short reports explaining the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of individual cases of specific conditions to clarify and improve patient care. Cases must be unique to the published medical literature. Any treatment recommendations should reflect current medical practice and cite references from previously published research.

LIMITS: 2,000 words; 1 Table; 1 Figure

5. Analysis & Perspective: In-depth systematic examination of complex issues or elaboration of viewpoints of significant interest to readers and authored by a recognized expert in the field of physical medicine & rehabilitation.

LIMITS: 5,000 words; 4 Tables; 4 Figures

6. Literature Review: In-depth critical summaries and assessments of previously published information on topics related to the field of physical medicine & rehabilitation and authored by a recognized expert. The Journal primarily publishes systematic reviews. Please note that all meta-analyses should be considered Research Articles rather than Literature Reviews

ØLIMITS: 5,000 words; 4 Tables; 4 Figures, Maximum 30 References. Please note that if you are unable to adhere to our reference list limit, your article may be published online-only

7. **Letters to the Editor: Intellectual and scholarly letters of comment on either 1) articles published in the Journal , 2) patient diagnosis or treatment resulting from personal clinical experience, or 3) particular viewpoint on matters relating to the clinical, scientific, and educational aspects of physical medicine & rehabilitation. References may be included to support opinions. The Editor reserves the right to determine which letters shall be published and to shorten letters as necessary.

ØLIMITS: 1,000 words; 1 Table; 1 Figure

a NOTE: If a Letter to the Editor is written about an article previously published in AJPMR, the corresponding author of the original article will be contacted with a blinded copy of the submitted Letter to the Editor and given a chance to respond. If a response is received and accepted, the two Letters to the Editor will be published together

8. ** Visual Vignettes: A rapid, interesting, and enjoyable mechanism by which to further educate and stimulate the readers of the Journal using both visual aids and written information.  The visual aids that authors submit may include any of the following:


ØCT scans

ØMRI scans

ØGraphs or diagrams

ØPhotos of electron microscope findings

ØEKG printouts

ØElectrodiagnostic printouts (NCS or needle exam)

ØPhoto of a patient or medical device

ØOther similar images

All images must be high resolution and may be submitted in either black & white or color. Please follow the Figure Guidelines when submitting images. Accompanying text should include a brief and concise clinical review of the specific patient or clinical issue. This should be followed by a description of the visual aid and an explanation of how such aid may have influenced/affected the management of the patient (diagnosis, treatment, medical and/or PM&R management issues). As appropriate, a summary of the particular pathology or disease process may be included. Finally, any clinical or academic "pearls" to be learned from the visual aid should be included.

LIMITS: 200-400 words; Maximum of 4 References; Must fit on one page of the published Journal

9. **Video Galleries: Combines text with video in the presentation and discussion of a topic of interest in physical medicine and rehabilitation. The Journal encourages submission of high quality digital video to explain medical techniques or procedures of interest to the readership. Educational or instructional videos should accompany a written report to explain the technique or procedure. Visit for current examples. Please follow the Video Guidelines when submitting. Both the manuscript and video will be reviewed for quality of content. Authors may be asked to revise the text and/or video if accepted for publication. A video checklist is required for Video Gallery submissions and can be found here:

LIMITS: Maximum of 500 words, MAXIMUM 4 AUTHORS

10. **Physiatry Reviews for Evidence in Practice (PREP): Second Order Peer Reviews of Clinically Relevant Articles for the Physiatrist. The busy clinically active physiatrist who wishes to practice evidence-based medicine has a daunting challenge to keep up to date with the significant amount of new information that is developing and available across the wide spectrum of medical literature.  Accordingly, we have developed a method to survey the applicable medical literature to identify pertinent clinically relevant articles. These articles are then critically appraised and presented in a standard format with clinically applicable conclusions. Therefore, our objective is to provide high-quality, clinically relevant and critically appraised articles for clinicians interested in keeping up to date with important new health care knowledge relevant to physiatry patient care. We believe that the use of such information will allow the busy practicing clinicians to maintain an evidence-based practice in a reliable, time-efficient manner.

LIMITS: 3,000 words; 3 Tables OR Figures Total

**Please Note: Physiatry Reviews for Evidence in Practice (PREP) Articles, Case Reports, Visual Vignettes, Video Galleries, and Letters to the Editor will be considered for online-only publication. Online-only articles publish on the journal website and within the journal app. The titles of these articles appear on the print table of contents with instructions on where to access the article online (they are not printed in the issue). All online-only articles are fed downstream to indexer services such as PubMed/MEDLINE and Thomson Reuters's Web of Knowledge for Impact Factor. To indexers, online-only articles are indistinguishable from articles published in print.

Using Editorial Manager

AJPM&R accepts online submission of manuscripts through Editorial ManagerTM at the following address:

The site contains instructions and advice on how to use the system, guidance on the creation/scanning and saving of electronic art, and supporting documentation.

If you've never submitted to a journal with Editorial Manager before, please be sure to refer to the Author Tutorial on the homepage and linked here:

First-time users
Please click the Register button on the Editorial Manager home page. Enter the requested information to complete your registration. Upon successful registration, an email containing your user name and password will be sent to you. Please be sure to enter your email address correctly; if an error has been made or an incorrect email address has been provided, you will not receive this notification.

Note: If you have already received an email containing your User ID and password, or if you are already registered, do not register again.

Existing Authors
If you are already registered with the journal, click the log-in button on the Editorial Manager home page, enter your username and password, and click on Author Login. Click on the Submit Manuscript link to begin the submission process. Be sure to prepare your manuscript according to the requirements laid out in these author instructions. Following submission to the journal office, you will be able to track the progress of your manuscript through the system.

If you experience any problems with Editorial Manager or have any questions, please contact the Editorial Office by clicking on the 'Contact Us' link in the navigation bar or by emailing

Submission Requirements


The American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation accepts the guidelines for authorship published in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. Persons designated as authors must meet all of the following criteria: (1) contributing to the conception and design or analyzing and interpreting data; and (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) approving the final version to be published. Supporting the study or collecting data does not constitute authorship. Authorship based solely on position (e.g., research supervisor, department head) is not permitted.

All co-authors will be asked to confirm authorship through Editorial ManagerTM.

Disclosures of Corporate Sponsorship and other Conflicts of Interest

The editors of the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation are extremely concerned about the appropriate disclosure of any real or perceived conflicts ofinterest. Authors must define any and all funding sources supporting the submitted work. All corporate sponsors must be identified, even if their support is indirect, e.g., to a local research foundation that funded the project. The authors must disclose any commercial associations that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the work submitted for publication. Other associations such as consultancies, equity interests, or patent-licensing arrangements should be noted at the time of submission. Alldisclosure information should be included on the title page of the manuscript. Additional detailed explanations should be included in the submission cover letter.

You will be asked to provide this information both in the Title Page of your manuscript.

How to Prepare your Manuscript and Submission Files

                    Top Reasons Manuscripts are Sent Back for Corrections

         Lack of Continuous Line Numbering

         Insufficient Blinding of manuscript

         Reporting Guidelines not uploaded

         Figure format and/or DPI do not meet requirements

1. Cover Letter

The cover letter should explain why the manuscript will be of interest to the Journal's readers. Please indicate briefly what is important or unique about the submission that has not been previously published in the medical literature. If the paper was part of a presentation to a professional association, this fact should be explained. If any of the authors have a conflict of interest, this should be explained in the cover letter. In addition to the cover letter, authors must include pdf file copies of permissions to reproduce previously copyrighted material.

2. Manuscript File

The manuscript texts should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Refer to previously published issues of the Journal for the current format for each category of article. If you are not an AAP member, we have many Open Access articles in our archives.

The Journal conducts blinded or "masked" reviews. Because of this, we require that all authors submit both a blinded and non-blinded version of their manuscript. The blinded manuscript should mirror the non-blinded version, except that it should not include a Title Page, Acknowledgements, or any mentions of the authors or their institutions throughout the text.

Each component of the manuscript should be in the same document in the following sequence: Title Page, Abstract and Key Words, Text, Acknowledgments, References, Figure Legends.

Title Page
This should only appear in the non-blinded version of your manuscript and should be prepared as follows:

1 Title

2 Authors: Full names and academic degrees of each author

3 Affiliations: Clearly explain the institutional, university, or hospital affiliations of each author; In the event an author changes institutional affiliation after submission but before publication, please provide both the institutional affiliation where the research was conducted, along with the current institutional affiliation of the author.

4 Correspondence: Name, mailing address, phone number, fax number, and email address for the corresponding author

5 Author Disclosures: Include an explanation of the following

a Competing Interests

b Funding or grants or equipment provided for the project from any source;

c Financial benefits to the authors;

d Details of any previous presentation of the research, manuscript, or abstract in any form.

All Abstracts should be 200 words or less and should be formatted according to the article type you are submitting:

ØStructured: Research Articles

ØShould succinctly address the following four categories: Objective, Design, Results, and Conclusion

ØOne-Paragraph: Brief Report, Case Report, Education & Administration, Literature Review, Analysis, and Perspective articles

ØNo Abstract: PREP, Commentaries, Clinical Notes, Letters to the Editor, and Visual Vignettes

Key Words: Authors must include four Key Words (so labeled) on the line after the end of the abstract. Use appropriate MeSH subject headings as listed by the National Library of Medicine. For more information visit

Body of the Article
Refer to recently published issues of the Journal for the appropriate formatting and style of each section of the manuscript text:

ØAll sections of the manuscript should be double spaced and in a single-column format.

ØPages should be numbered consecutively and have continuous line numbering throughout the text to assist the editors and reviewers in commenting on your article

AMA Style: Use generic names of drugs, unless there is a specific trade name that is directly relevant. Use only standard abbreviations as listed in the AMA Manual of Style, Ninth Edition. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede the abbreviation's first use in the text, except in the case of a standard unit of measurement. Avoid using abbreviations in the title and abstract.

Writing Quality: All manuscripts must be thoroughly edited for spelling and American English grammar by the authors and/or an expert in American English medical writing before submission. Manuscripts submitted with incorrect American English grammar will not be considered. Avoid using first person language, such as I, we, and our. Please use third person, such as "this study" instead of "our study".

For further guidance AJPM&R and Wolters Kluwer, in partnership with Editage, now offer a unique range of editorial services to help you prepare a submission-ready manuscript. Please visit to learn more. Services outlined below, as well as others, are available for a nominal cost:

ØPremium Editing: Intensive language and structural editing of academic papers to increase chances of journal acceptance.

ØAdvanced Editing: A complete language, grammar, and terminology check to give you a publication-ready manuscript.

ØTranslation with Editing: Write your paper in your native language and Wolters Kluwer Author Services will translate it into English, as well as edit it to ensure that it meets international publication standards.

ØPlagiarism Check: Helps ensure that your manuscript contains no instances of unintentional plagiarism.

ØArtwork Preparation: Save precious time and effort by ensuring that your artwork is viewed favorably by the journal without you having to incur the additional cost of purchasing special graphics software.

Methodology and Statistics: Any statistical analyses in the research or manuscript should be reviewed and verified for accuracy by the authors and/or a statistician before submission. Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable the knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify research findings with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence). Avoid sole reliance on statistical hypothesis testing, such as the use of P values, which fails to convey important quantitative information. Discuss eligibility of experimental subjects. Give details about randomization. Describe the methods for, and success of, any blinding of observations. Report treatment complications. Give specific numbers of observations. Report any losses to observation (such as dropout from a clinical trial). References for study design and statistical methods should be to standard works (with pages stated) when possible, rather than to papers in which designs or methods were originally reported. Specify any computer programs used.

Units of Measure: Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units. Temperatures should be written in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be given in millimeters of mercury. All hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements should be reported in the metric system in the terms of the International System of Units (SI).

Ethics: When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate in the methods section of the manuscript whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) or with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983.

The authors must state in the methods section of the manuscript that any investigation involving human subjects or the use of patient data for research purposes was:

a) Approved by the committee on research ethics at the institution in which the research was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of the World Medical Association (
b) That written informed consent from human subjects was obtained as required. If written informed consent was not obtained, please specify the method of consent and if your IRB approved that method.

Failure to indicate Institutional Review Board approval of human experimentation and informed consent from subjects will result in rejection upon initial review.

Also indicate in the methods section whether the institution's or the National Research Council's guidelines for, or any national laws on, the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

Do not use subjects' or patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers in the text, tables, figures, or legends. Photographs of patients or subjects will not be considered unless written approval signed by the patient or subject, is included with the submission cover letter.

Clinical Trials: If your manuscript is a clinical trial, it must list the registry number in the Methods section of your manuscript. This should be present in the unblinded version of your manuscript only, as presence in the blinded version may compromise the double-blind review process.

**Please note that the journal will no longer be accepting any papers pertaining to clinical trials that are NOT registered. If your clinical trial isn't registered, we will not be able to consider your manuscript.

Authors often wish to thank individuals who have assisted with the research project or the preparation of the manuscript. Acknowledgments should be placed before the References section. Do not include an Acknowledgements section in the blinded version of your manuscript. Any information concerning funding or equipment for the project should be included in the Disclosures section on the Title Page and NOT appear in the Acknowledgements.

References should begin on a separate page following the conclusion of the manuscript. Authors should cite relevant references from previously published articles. Number references in the order in which they are mentioned in the text (do not alphabetize). Identify references with Arabic superscript numerals in the text, tables, and legends. References should follow the current AMA style. Abbreviate the names of journals according to the format given in Index Medicus. References cited separately as footnotes in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification of the particular table or figure in the text. Refer to current copies of the Journal for examples of the various types of references.

All manuscripts except for extensive reviews of the literature should be limited to no more than 30 references. Authors may be asked to limit the number of references to conserve space. Previously published articles in this Journal are searchable by author and topic at

Figure Legends
Figure Legends should begin on a separate page following the reference section of the manuscript. Each Figure Legend should describe the content of the appropriate figure and be numbered in order of location in the manuscript as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. To conserve space, do not duplicate information in the text and figure legends.

3. Figures

Authors must ensure figures follow the below rules. Failure to supply files in the format specified below will result in the images being returned to you for re-formatting. When creating Digital Artwork, please refer to the following guidelines:

ØTIF or EPS files are required

ØCrop out any white or black space surrounding the image.

ØDo not include label identification (e.g. Figure 1A) within the image. Please identify the figure title in your figure legend.

ØColor images are created/scanned and saved and submitted as CMYK only. Do not submit any figures in RGB mode.

ØLine art saved at a resolution of at least 1200 dpi.

ØColor and half-tone images must be saved at a resolution of at least 300 dpi.

ØEach figure saved as a separate file and saved separately from the accompanying text file.

ØEach figure file must be saved with the title of the figure in the file name. e.g. Figure 1A.tif; Figure 1B.eps


ØArtwork generated from office suite programs such as CorelDRAW and MS Word, and artwork downloaded from the Internet (JPEG or GIF files) cannot be used because the quality is poor when printed.

ØCite figures consecutively in your manuscript.

ØNumber figures in the figure legend in the order in which they are discussed.

ØUpload figures consecutively to the Editorial Manager web site

Please do not include images within your manuscript MS Word document and do not upload them in a Word document file. By doing so, the quality of the image is reduced and is not acceptable for publication. All images must be uploaded as individual files in TIF or EPS file formats.

Use of Patients in Figures

In keeping with HIPAA requirements, all clinical photographs submitted to AJPMR that permit identification of the patient in any way must be accompanied by a signed statement from the patient or guardian granting permission for publication of the photographs for educational purposes. In the case of a patient who is deceased, written permission must be provided by the patient's next of kin. In the case of a minor, consent must be obtained by the parent or legal guardian.

AJPMR does not have a standard consent form for authors. Please use the consent form issued by your institution.

It is not acceptable to place bars over the patient's features, but in cases where permissions are unobtainable, the photographs must be very tightly cropped to the feature being displayed. If identification is still possible after cropping, AJPMR cannot use the photograph. All submissions with clinical photographs must adhere to this policy and submit the proper documentation along with the manuscript or the submission cannot be accepted.

Front Cover Artwork and Images

The Journal encourages the submission of high quality artwork and images for consideration for publication on the front cover. All figures submitted with your article will be considered for cover images, should your manuscript be accepted. If you have a figure you think would make a particularly good cover image, please indicate it in the Cover Letter.

Please note that only Figures submitted with your article will be considered for Cover Art. Please do not upload any images that are not a part of your paper that are intended for potential cover images only.

If your figure is chosen for cover art, you will be notified and sent a request for additional Figure Legend material.

4. Tables

All tabular matter must be editable text prepared in MS Word. An image of a table pasted into a Word document is not acceptable for publication. All tables must also be in black and white and not include color coding

NOTE: To conserve page count, the Editors reserve the right to move overlength tables to Supplemental Digital Content instead of being included with the print issue

5. Supplemental Digital Content

Supplemental Digital Content (SDC) is online-only material that is intended to be published with the article, but will not be printed in the hard-copy issue of the journal. You may include as much SDC with your submission as you feel necessary. Examples of SDC include:

ØReporting Guidelines (STROBE, STARD, CARE Checklists, etc)

ØVideo files (.mp4 format ONLY)

ØAudio files (.mp3 or .wma formats ONLY)


ØExtra Tables and Figures

Things that ARE NOT considered SDC include the following (please see the Miscellaneous Files section for further details):

ØPatient Consent forms

ØPreviously Published Table/Figure Permissions

ØPreviously Published articles

ØConflict of Interest forms

ØVideo Checklists

ØAnything intended for the Editorial Office's knowledge only and should not be published

Files must be uploaded to Editorial ManagerTM under the "Supplemental Digital Content" file type.

Please note that as reviewers will have access to SDC, it must be blinded and have all author names, institution names, or other identifying marks removed.

Cite all supplemental digital content consecutively in the text. Citations should include the type of material submitted, should be clearly labeled as "Supplemental Digital Content," should include a sequential number, and should provide a brief description of the supplemental content.

Provide a legend of supplemental digital content at the end of the text. List each legend in the order in which the material is cited in the text. The legends must be numbered to match the citations from the text. Include a title and a brief summary of the content. For audio and video files, also include the author name, videographer, participants, length (minutes), and size (MB). Authors should mask patients' eyes and remove patients' names from supplemental digital content unless they obtain written consent from the patients and submit written consent with the manuscript. Copyright and Permission forms for article content including supplemental digital content must be completed at the time of submission.

Reporting Guidelines:

As of January 2015, the journal is now enforcing the adherence to reporting guideline standards in an effort to enhance the quality of the research and reporting of rehabilitation-related studies. For more information, please refer to the following published, open-access editorial from our April 2014 Issue:

Should your research conform to any of these study types, please download the corresponding checklist, fill it out, and upload it with your submission as a Supplemental Digital Content file:

(1) CONSORT checklist for randomized controlled trials (  

(2) Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist for observational studies (

(3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (

(4) Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy studies (STARD) checklist for studies of diagnostic accuracy (

(5) Case Reports (CARE) checklist for case reports (

6. Miscellaneous Files

Some authors may wish to include or may be asked to include additional files that are not intended for publication, but still required by the editorial office such as:

ØPatient Consent forms

ØPreviously Published Table/Figure Permissions

ØPreviously Published articles

ØConflict of Interest forms

ØVideo Checklists

ØAnything intended for the Editorial Office's knowledge only and should not be published

These files should be uploaded with your submission under the "Miscellaneous – Internal Only/NOT FOR PRODUCTION"

Review Process

All manuscripts will be checked for the above Submission Requirements before being sent out for review. Following the extended peer review process, authors will be notified of the editorial decision by email. Authors may be asked to revise the manuscript according to the reviewer's comments and to return hard copies and electronic copies of the revised manuscript. Authors are responsible for tracking progress of their own manuscript submission via the manuscript status listed in Editorial ManagerTM

Revision Process

Revisions should be submitted online via Editorial ManagerTM at the following address:

Please log into your account and select the Submissions Needing Revision folder. Locate your article and click Edit Submission.

When making changes, the files from your Original Manuscript will be automatically carried over to the revision unless you uncheck the boxes next to them. Please un-check any files that have had changes made and upload new versions. If any of your files have not been changed, you may leave the box checked and they will still be built into your revision.

Appeals Process

Appeals must be made in writing within two weeks of receiving the decision regarding a manuscript. If you would like an appeal on your submission, please contact the journal office ( with a detailed letter that explains why the decision is being appealed. The author will be notified of the final decision.

Acceptance and Publication

The goal of the Journal is to publish all accepted manuscripts as quickly as possible. Accepted manuscripts are generally published in the order received. Authors will receive page proofs via email approximately three months before the month of publication. This will be the final opportunity for authors to proofread the article before publication. Instructions on how to order author reprints will be included with the page proofs. Selected manuscripts may be published early online ahead of print after author corrections. Important or timely manuscripts may be selected for fast track publication. Authors may sign up online at to receive the eTOC when the journal is published each month. The Journal is published in a variety of formats. The Journal's latest format provides a unique experience for viewing text and video on the iPad. The new AJPMR app for iPad is available for download from the Apple Store.

Continuing Medical Education

The Journal considers quality research articles to be published and highlighted as a continuing medical education activity. Articles that qualify for CME credit will be determined during the revision process. Manuscripts selected to be CME articles are sometimes published more quickly than other papers. If chosen, authors will be notified of the requirements with their decision letter and will be expected to include the following materials when submitting their revision:

ØThree objectives answering the question: "Upon completion of this article, the reader should be able to:"

ØFive questions/answers for self-assessment

ØA sentence about each author that describes institution affiliation and current position. Including the above with the original manuscript submission will greatly expedite consideration of the manuscript for publication as a CME article. See examples in the Journal.

Open Access

LWW's hybrid open access option is offered to authors whose articles have been accepted for publication. With this choice, articles are made freely available online immediately upon publication. Authors may take advantage of the open access option at the point of acceptance to ensure that this choice has no influence on the peer review and acceptance process. These articles are subject to the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Authors of accepted peer-reviewed articles have the choice to pay a fee to allow perpetual unrestricted online access to their published article to readers globally, immediately upon publication. The article processing charge for American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation is $2,500. The article processing charge for authors funded by the Research Councils UK (RCUK) is $3,175. The publication fee is charged on acceptance of the article and should be paid within 30 days by credit card by the author, funding agency or institution. Payment must be received in full for the article to be published open access. Any additional standard publication charges, such as for color images, will also apply.

Authors retain copyright: Authors retain their copyright for all articles they opt to publish open access. Authors grant LWW a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.

Creative Commons License: Articles opting for open access will be freely available to read, download and share from the time of publication. Articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons License Attribution-NonCommerical No Derivative 3.0 which allows readers to disseminate and reuse the article, as well as share and reuse of the scientific material. It does not permit commercial exploitation or the creation of derivative works without specific permission. To view a copy of this license visit:

Compliance with NIH, RCUK and other research funding agency accessibility requirements: A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the post-print (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. As a service to our authors, LWW identifies to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) articles that require deposit and transmits the post-print of an article based on research funded in whole or in part by the National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, or other funding agencies to PubMed Central. The revised Copyright Transfer Agreement provides the mechanism. LWW ensures that authors can fully comply with the public access requirements of major funding bodies worldwide. Additionally, all authors who choose the open access option will have their final published article deposited into PubMed Central.

RCUK funded authors can choose to publish their paper as open access with the payment of an article process charge, or opt for their accepted manuscript to be deposited (green route) into PMC with an embargo.

With both the gold and green open access options, the author will continue to sign the Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) as it provides the mechanism for LWW to ensure that the author is fully compliant with the requirements. After signature of the CTA, the author will then sign a License to Publish where they will then own the copyright.

It is the responsibility of the author to inform the Editorial Office and/or LWW that they have RCUK funding. LWW will not be held responsible for retroactive deposits to PMC if the author has not completed the proper forms.

FAQs for open access

Compliance with NIH and Other Research Funding Agency Accessibility Requirements

A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the post-print (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. Within medical research, three funding agencies in particular have announced such policies:

ØThe U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) requires authors to deposit post-prints based on NIHfunded research in its repository PubMed Central (PMC) within twelve months after publication of the final article in the journal.

ØThe Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) requires as a condition of research grants, deposit in PMC, but in its case within six months after publication of the final article.

ØThe Wellcome Trust requires, as a condition of research grants, deposit in UK PubMed Central within six months after publication of the final article.

As a service to our authors, LWW will identify to National Library of Medicine (NLM) articles that require deposit. This Copyright Transfer Agreement provides the mechanism for identifying such articles. LWW will transmit the post-print of an article based on research funded in whole or in part by one or more of these three agencies to Pub Med Central.

Upon NIH request, it remains the legal responsibility of the author(s) to confirm with NIH the provenance of their manuscript for purposes of deposit.

Author(s) will not deposit their articles themselves.

Author(s) will not alter the post-print already transmitted to NIH.

Author(s) will not authorize the display of the post-print prior to:

(a) 12 months following publication of the final article, in the case of NIH,

(b) 6 months following publication of the final article, in the case of Wellcome Trust and HHMI

Author(s) Posting of Articles to an Institutional Repository: The Journal will permit the author(s) to deposit for display a "post-print" (the final manuscript after peer-review and acceptance for publication but prior to the publisher's copyediting, design, formatting, and other services) 12 months after publication of the final article on his/her personal web site, university's institutional repository or employer's intranet, subject to the following:

ØAuthors may only deposit the post-print.

ØAuthors may not update the post-print text or replace it with a proof or with the final published version.

ØAuthors may not include the post-print or any other version of the article in any commercial site or in any repository owned or operated by any third party. For authors of articles based on research funded by NIH, Wellcome Trust, HHMI, or other funding agency, see below for the services that LWW will provide on your behalf to comply with "Public Access Policy" guidelines.

ØAuthors may not display the post-print until twelve months after publication of the final article.

ØAuthors must attach the following notice to the postprint: "This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in (provide complete journal citation)".

ØAuthors shall provide a link in the post-print to the Journal website at