STM Publishing Group Limited

   STM Publishing Group Limited

Language and Speech  语言和言语


1. Article types

Language and Speech provides an international forum for communication among researchers in the disciplines that contribute to our understanding of the production, perception, processing, learning, use, and disorders of speech and language.

The journal accepts reports of original research in all these areas. Interdisciplinary submissions are encouraged. Corpus-based, experimental, and observational research bringing spoken or written language within the domain of linguistic, psychological, or computational models are particularly welcome.

Purely clinical, linguistic, philosophical, or technological offerings should be sent elsewhere. The journal may commission book reviews, theoretically motivated literature reviews, conference reports, and brief tutorial introductions to new areas of research.

Starting in 2014 we encourage authors to submit either Short Reports or Full Reports. Short Reports should be approximately 4000 words (excluding title page, abstract, author affiliations, acknowledgments, reference section, figures and tables). Despite the brevity of a Short Report, it should describe original empirical findings that make substantial contributions to the field, and that will be of broad interest to the readership of the journal. For Full Reports, authors are encouraged to clearly convey the necessary information using a maximum of 20,000 words.

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2. Editorial Policies

2.1 Peer review policy

Unlike some journals, Language and Speech does not encourage anonymity for the peer review process. Author names and institutions are always identified. In the interests of fairness and useful continued discussion, Language and Speech encourages reviewers to identify themselves to the authors, however, at their discretion, reviewers may opt to remain anonymous. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. We make every effort to complete the review process within three months.

As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of X peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

• The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
• The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
• Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

2.2 Authorship

All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

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3. Publishing Policies

3.1 Publication Ethics

SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

3.1.1 Plagiarism

Language and Speech and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

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4. How to submit your manuscript

Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

Manuscripts should be submitted online via SAGE Track:

If you are a new user, you will first need to create an account. Submissions should be made by logging in and selecting the Author Center and the 'Click here to Submit a New Manuscript' option. Follow the instructions on each page, clicking the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen. If at any stage you have any questions or require the user guide, please use the ‘Online Help’ button at the top right of every screen.

Book reviews should be addressed to:
The 'Language and Speech' Editorial Office
Research Department
Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
1600 Rockland Road
Wilmington, DE 19803

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5. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement  

Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor�s Publishing Agreement. SAGE�s Journal Contributor�s Publishing Agreement is a exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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6. Declaration of conflicting interests                  

Within your Journal Contributor�s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. Language and Speech does not require a declaration of conflicting interests but recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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7. Other conventions

None applicable.

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8. Acknowledgements                                                        

Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

8.1 Funding Acknowledgement
To compile with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN),Language and Speech additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. All research articles should have a funding acknowledgement in the form of a sentence as follows, with the funding agency written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets:

This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number xxx].

Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma and space. Where the research was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated by semi-colon, with �and� before the final funder. Thus:

This work was supported by the Wellcome Trust [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Natural Environment Research Council [grant number zzzz]; and the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number aaaa].

In some cases, research is not funded by a specific project grant, but rather from the block grant and other resources available to a university, college or other research institution. Where no specific funding has been provided for the research we ask that corresponding authors use the following sentence:

This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Please include this information under a separate heading entitled �Funding� directly after any other Acknowledgements prior to your �Declaration of Conflicting Interests� (if applicable), any Notes and your References. For more information on the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers, please visit:

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9. Permissions

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway..

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10. Manuscript style

10.1 File types
Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. Plain text or ASCII files are also accepted. We do not accept LATEX files. Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork and supplemental files below.

10.2 Journal Style
Language and Speech conforms to APA style. All manuscripts submitted for review should be prepared in APA style. When in doubt, please consult the latest edition of the APA manual. Please check carefully to avoid the common formatting mistakes listed here.

10.3 Reference Style
Language and Speech operates an APA reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on APA to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style. Authors are especially asked to ensure that every reference made to another work within the body of the article is accurately matched to a corresponding entry in the bibliography.

10.4. Manuscript Preparation
The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

10.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE�s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

10.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details
Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors.

10.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE�sManuscript Submission Guidelines.
If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. If a charge applies you will be informed by your SAGE Production Editor. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

10.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For audio files, we recommend RIFF (.wav) format with minimum 16 kHz sample rate. For more information, please refer to SAGE�s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

10.4.5 English Language Editing services
Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service. Visit for further information.

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11. After acceptance          

11.1 Proofs
We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author. Any corrections should be sent to the editors within two weeks of receipt.

11.2 E-Prints

SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit

11.3 SAGE Production
At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Language and Speech with SAGE.

11.4 OnlineFirst Publication
Language and Speech benefits from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE�s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet

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12. Further information

Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

The 'Language and Speech' Editorial Office
Research Department
Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
1600 Rockland Road
Wilmington, DE 19803

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Artwork guidelines
Illustrations, pictures and graphs, should be supplied with the highest quality and in an electronic format that helps us to publish your article in the best way possible. Please follow the guidelines below to enable us to prepare your artwork for the printed issue as well as the online version.

ØFormat: TIFF, JPEG: Common format for pictures (containing no text or graphs).
EPS: Preferred format for graphs and line art (retains quality when enlarging/zooming in).

ØPlacement: Figures/charts and tables created in MS Word should be included in the main text rather than at the end of the document.
Figures and other files created outside Word (i.e. Excel, PowerPoint, JPG, TIFF, EPS, and PDF) should be submitted separately. Please add a placeholder note in the running text (i.e. “[insert Figure 1.]")

ØResolution: Rasterized based files (i.e. with .tiff or .jpeg extension) require a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). Line art should be supplied with a minimum resolution of 800 dpi.

ØColour: Please note that images supplied in colour will be published in colour online and black and white in print (unless otherwise arranged). Therefore, it is important that you supply images that are comprehensible in black and white as well (i.e. by using colour with a distinctive pattern or dotted lines). The captions should reflect this by not using words indicating colour.

ØDimension: Check that the artworks supplied match or exceed the dimensions of the journal. Images cannot be scaled up after origination

ØFonts: The lettering used in the artwork should not vary too much in size and type (usually sans serif font as a default).